English Mastiffs, or simply the Mastiffs, are the largest and heaviest dog in the universe.
While its ancestors are fierce hunters and fighters, today’s English Mastiffs are fantastic cuddle buddies.
Despite their immense size, these giants are famous lap dogs and would make excellent family pets.
Mastiffs have a calm demeanor and love sedentary living. If properly taught, they can coexist with other pets like dogs and cats.
Especially when properly socialized, they are welcoming and polite to visitors. They can also tolerate the usual dramas and mess caused by kids.
English Mastiff belongs to the working group. They can do jobs in the police and the military perfectly well. They also do well in search and rescue.
At home, they are superb and terrific guard dogs.
The world still considers English Mastiffs the largest and heaviest dog breed since 1989, with no one to beat its record.
Male and female English Mastiffs are vastly different in terms of size.
Male English Mastiffs have a taller physique than female English Mastiffs. The average height of a male English Mastiff starts at 30 inches (76.2 cm).
On the other hand, a female English Mastiff starts at 27.5 inches (69.9 cm).
English Mastiffs have a courageous and dignified aura. They carry a magnificent body with a square and broad, muscular physique.
They have strong jaws and teeth and round eyes that signal alert. Their bite force goes between 552 and 556 PSI.
While they shed much, English Mastiffs are easy to groom and maintain. They have a straight outercoat and dense inner coat that requires regular brushing.
It would greatly help if you bathed them at least once weekly to every eight weeks, depending on his lifestyle.
During the molting seasons, pet parents should brush them more frequently.
Like other giant canines, English Mastiffs have a short life expectancy. The average lifespan of an English Mastiff is 6 to 10 years.
They are prone to joint issues, bloat, and cancer as they grow older. An hour of exercise every day will help this breed stay healthy.
Typically, the standard food diet of English Mastiffs is at least 6 to 8 cups per day, divided into two. Their diet should have an optimal amount of protein, calcium, and phosphorus.
While they appear intimidating and formidable, English Mastiffs are not frequent barkers. They are usually calm and quiet.
However, you will find them intensely barking when they feel restless, scared, stressed, and threatened.
Come along and read if you have a deep love and fondness for giant canines.
What is an English Mastiff?
The English Mastiff is believed to be one of the oldest breeds of dogs recorded in history. They belong to the kingdom of large canines because of their overwhelming giant size.
Despite this enormous demeanor, English Mastiffs are calm, sweet at heart, and great family companions.
Is an English Mastiff a Great Dane?
English Mastiff does not belong to the family of Great Danes.
While the Great Dane and English Mastiff are believed to share the same D.N.A, these two dog breeds are vastly different.
In terms of appearance, the Great Dane appears tall and long, while the English Mastiff looks heavy and wide.
Why are They Called English Mastiff Dogs?
The English Mastiff owe their name to “Mansuetus,” a Latin word that means “domesticated or tame.”
Later, this Latin word was transformed from Old French to the word “mastiff.” Eventually, in 1387, Mastiff was first recorded in a written work in Middle English.
The other names of this England’s native dog are Mastiff, Old English Mastiff, and English Mastiff.
Where Did the English Mastiff Come From?
While its ancestors originated in Asia, the English Mastiff can trace its origin way back to England, where they were bred two thousand years ago.
Historically, English Mastiff is a magnificent breed of dog known as a hunter and a fighter.
They are involved in gladiatorial fights featuring fights between animals and humans.
Eventually, the crowd sees English Mastiffs engaging in dog fights in Westminster, London.
After World War II, the English Mastiff first came to the United States to rebuild the dog breed.
At this point, it was not yet officially accepted by the American Kennel Club (AKC) until 1885.
Nowadays, the world recognizes the English Mastiff as one of the oldest breeds of dogs.
On top of that, since 1989, without any dog beating its record, the Guinness Book of Records recognized Aicama Zorba of La-Susa.
This English Mastiff, weighing around 343 pounds and growing 37 inches, is the heaviest and longest dog globally.
When Did the English Mastiff Originate?
It was known that the descendants of English Mastiffs were brought to existence more than two thousand years ago.
However, knowledge of the English Mastiff’s evolution during the medieval period in England in the 13th and 14th centuries was made known.
During this time, experts breed English Mastiffs to become watchdogs of nobles and hunters.
Along with that, owners taught and trained English Mastiffs to engage in battle with soldiers.
During the 19th century, there was a significant turning point in history. Owners no longer put English Mastiffs into brutality.
However, this breed is nearly close to extinction because of World War II. After World War II, only less than twenty English Mastiffs remained.
Reputable breeders brought them to the United States to revive and rebuild the breed’s population.
The American Kennel Club (AKC) granted them full status belonging to the Working Dog in 1885. In 2020, English Mastiff ranked as the 33rd most popular dog.
How Many English Mastiffs are There in the World?
The precise count of English Mastiffs that are found all over the globe is not recorded. However, English Mastiff is quite famous because of its loyalty and friendliness.
On top of that, English Mastiffs make excellent guard dogs in the police and military.
What are the Characteristics of English Mastiffs?
English Mastiffs are good-natured dogs. You may find yourself in awe because they are courageous and dignified.
However, there are times that they can quickly turn on their aggressive instinct.
To guide you better, we made a list of the characteristics of English Mastiffs and ways to deal with them.
- Friendly: English Mastiffs are the most sociable pups among the Mastiff breeds despite their enormous size and intimidating looks. They have a cheerful temperament and are gentle. However, pet parents should socialize with them early since they can be wary of new surroundings, including strangers.
- Gentle: Surprisingly, English Mastiffs are kids’ soft and excellent companions. However, owners should always monitor these large canines around younger children since English Mastiffs do not want kids riding them like ponies. At this instant, they can be violent and aggressive.
- Dignified: English Mastiff is not shy unless mishandled. They are noble and brave, making them qualified to be guard dogs. For this reason, they tend to be wary and suspicious when visitors are in the house. So, owners should socialize with them frequently.
- Calm: English Mastiffs have a calm vibe making them a perfect buddy for the family and children. They are affectionate and have a kind soul. English Mastiff typically tolerates the dramas of little children. Nonetheless, kids should not provoke to prevent an accident.
- Protective: English Mastiff is a zealous protector. Because of his fighter roots, he will swear his loyalty and devotion to his family. They are courageous and would not back down if there is a danger or threat. So, in their early years, pet parents should train them to prevent untoward behavior with other people.
We pile up here the overall ranking of English Mastiff’s personality.
|English Mastiff Characteristics||Rating|
|Relation with Family||5|
|Good with Children||4|
|Friendly with Strangers||3|
|Friendly with Other Dogs||3|
|Easy to Train||3|
|Mental Stimulation Needs||3|
What Does an English Mastiff Look Like?
English Mastiffs are giant canines. They have a large eye that exudes an alert vibe.
Portraying a magnificent body, they have a muscular physical built with broad, square, and heavy heads in terms of body.
They also have cute and floppy ears but have firm, powerful jaws.
Mastiffs have enormous, deep, and rounded chests, giving them a solid but dignified aura. On top of that, they have well-toned bones, muscles, and limbs.
Further, English Mastiffs have black noses and muzzles half the size of their skulls. They have short and delicate outer skin on top of a dense undercoat.
What is the English Mastiff’s leg structure?
Overall, English Mastiffs have straight, firm, heavy-boned, and set-apart legs. Its rear legs are parallel and wide apart.
The English Mastiff’s portion has force, and its forelegs track swiftly with good reach.
When they are in motion, the English Mastiff’s leg moves forward. As they increase speed, the feet of the English Mastiff move towards the centerline of its body to keep balance.
How big is the English Mastiff?
Male and female English Mastiffs vary in size. The average weight of male English Mastiffs is 160 to 230 lbs (72.6 to 104.3 kg).
On the other hand, female English Mastiffs weigh 120 to 170 lbs (54.4 to 77.1 kg).
Regarding height, male English Mastiffs are relatively taller than their female counterparts.
Male English Mastiff can grow at 30 inches (76.2 cm), while a female’s height starts at 27.5 inches (69.9 cm).
However, other factors can affect English Mastiffs’ overall weight and size.
How long does an English Mastiff dog grow?
It will take about 18 to 24 months for English Mastiffs to reach their full maturity.
However, fur parents should expect their breed to grow up until they continually reach the age of three to four.
The average length of a male English Mastiff starts at 30 inches (76.2 cm), while a female English Mastiff’s height starts at 27.5 inches (69.9 cm).
Here is a quick look at the overall physical structure of English Mastiff.
|English Mastiff Physical Features||Male||Female|
|Height||starts at 30 inches
|starts at 27.5 inches
|Weight||160 to 230 lbs
(72.6 to 104.3 kg)
|120 to 170 lbs
(54.4 to 77.1 kg)
What is the average weight of English Mastiff dogs?
Male English Mastiffs are much more extensive compared to female English Mastiffs. The standard weight of male English Mastiffs is 160 to 230 lbs (72.6 to 104.3 kg).
On the other hand, the standard weight of female English Mastiffs is 120 to 170 lbs (54.4 to 77.1 kg).
What is the Average Life Expectancy of English Mastiffs?
The average life expectancy of English Mastiffs is 6 to 10 years. While English Mastiffs are relatively healthy, they have a short lifespan apparent.
Giant dogs age quickly compared to smaller dog breeds. On top of that, there is a high probability for English Mastiff to develop cancer.
Other common health problems in the breed include joint problems, such as hip and elbow dysplasias, gastric torsion or bloat, and cystinuria.
What Coat Type do English Mastiffs Have?
English Mastiffs have a short double coat. Since English Mastiffs possess a short coat, they are a low-maintenance breed of dogs.
Fur parents should remember to bathe them regularly on top of grooming.
What is the English Mastiff dog’s coat like?
English Mastiffs have straight and short outer coats. Its close-lying undercoat is dense and short.
The coat of English Mastiff has three popular color shades: apricot, fawn, and brindle.
Overall, English Mastiff comes with easy-care and relatively quick-to-maintain skin.
How long is the English Mastiff’s coat?
As mentioned, the coat of the English Mastiff is short in length and close lying.
Its outer skin is short and straight to the touch, while the inner coat is shorter than the former and dense.
The brindle English Mastiff’s coat shade is unique since it has an apricot or fawn background with dark-colored stripes.
What’s the coat density of the English Mastiff?
English Mastiffs have a short and dense undercoat. Nonetheless, while their fur is thick and heavy, English Mastiffs are relatively easy to groom.
They are moderate shedders, and intense shedding only occurs less than twice a year.
Experts recommend that pet parents should use a firm, toothed comb to get rid of English Mastiff’s dead hair.
Do English Mastiffs shed much?
English Mastiffs are moderate to heavy shedders depending on the season.
Expect them to shed frequently during spring and fall. Hence, their short coat needs much regular grooming.
Pet parents should develop a brushing routine to keep them clean.
While brushing your Mastiff’s coat once a week is a good habit, doing so daily during the shedding season is necessary and will keep flying strands under control.
Owners can use a rubber hound glove when brushing their English Mastiffs.
Bathing at least once a week for up to eight weeks is also essential for these boo bears.
Can English Mastiffs Live in Hot Weather?
English Mastiffs are not tolerant of hot weather. They will not do well in hot or moist conditions since English Mastiff tends to overheat quickly.
Overall, the heat tolerance of English Mastiff for outdoor walks or exercise is up to 70 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit (21 to 26 degrees Celsius).
Exposure of large canines to higher and extreme temperatures can threaten their life. This is especially true for English Mastiffs since these giants are the world’s largest breeds.
For this reason, pet owners should only take their English Mastiff out for a walk on a cool day.
In addition, while English Mastiff appears to be powerful and robust, they will not thrive outdoors.
On top of that, experts advised that fur parents should always bring water for these cuddle buds.
Nonetheless, English Mastiff enjoys and does well in colder weather conditions. They love and prefer to stay at home with limited outdoor exercise time.
If you cannot help it and need to take your English Mastiff outside, dog-savvy advised that you provide these teddy bears an insulated house to keep them cool.
Do English Mastiffs Love Water?
Since they are more tolerant of cold weather, English Mastiffs like splashing in the water and can be swimmers. Like other dogs, English Mastiff can swim swiftly and efficiently.
However, they are not born swimmers, so these gentle canines should get proper consistent swimming training.
What Colors are English Mastiffs?
English Mastiffs come in various colors, including brindle, fawn, and apricot.
The most common color is brindle, a mix of black and brown stripes. Fawn English Mastiffs are usually a light golden color, while apricot Mastiffs tend to be a bit darker.
What Markings Do English Mastiffs Have?
The standard marking of an English Mastiff is their black mask. Whether fawn, brindle, or apricot, all its color tones appear with this.
The AKC only acknowledges the black face markings for English Mastiff; others are considered faulted.
Is an English Mastiff a Good Family Dog?
English Mastiffs are fantastic family dogs. They have a loving and calm demeanor.
Despite their massive size, they love hugs and embraces. They always crave the time and attention of their loved ones.
Because of its affectionate and sweet nature, English Mastiffs are a terrific choice for families. In general, they are tolerant and can handle the mess of young kids.
However, dog-savvy does not recommend that pet parents let English Mastiffs bond around infants or toddlers due to their impressive size.
We gather below the list of the overall rating of English Mastiff’s personality.
|English Mastiff Temperament||Rating|
Are English Mastiffs good with other dogs?
English Mastiffs can do well and coexist with other dogs through adequate training. They are friendly with other pets if these pets are raised together with them.
However, remember that English Mastiffs can get along with other dogs if they are exposed and socialized at their puppyhood stage. Otherwise, they can be hostile and aggressive.
Are English Mastiffs friendly with other people?
English Mastiffs are sweet, docile, and friendly. You can see them being polite and welcoming to other people. However, at times, they may exhibit extreme shyness.
So, owners must socialize these giant canines frequently to help them develop a stable personality.
Can English Mastiff dogs get along well with strangers?
English Mastiffs are wary of strangers because of their ancient roots as guard dogs. They are naturally timid and aloof from strangers.
While they may look brave, they are sensitive and can be hostile when mishandled.
Experts advised that pet owners should expose and let their English Mastiff out of their shell to become less wary and suspicious of people.
How do English Mastiffs get along with young children?
English Mastiffs have a kind soul for young children. They are tolerant and like the company of your little ones.
Nonetheless, since English Mastiffs are giant and highly active canines, they can easily knock a toddler with just a swipe of their tail.
Because of this, experts say that English Mastiffs should be with a family with older kids who are more well-behaved.
Can English Mastiffs Adapt Easily?
English Mastiffs are adaptable. Despite their impressive size, they can stay and thrive in small enclosures like apartments or studio-type condos.
They have a calm and sedentary lifestyle and prefer to stay indoors. You will find them lying on a couch or on their bed.
Are English Mastiff Dogs Aggressive?
English Mastiffs are not an aggressive breed of dogs. Contrary to popular belief, they have earned the reputation of being the friendliest across all Mastiff breeds.
Although they can be territorial and protective, especially if not socialized early, English Mastiff is docile and will not cause trouble for their precious family.
Are English Mastiffs Dangerous?
While they have an intimidating and scary aura, English Mastiffs are rarely dangerous dogs. They are the gentlest dogs that you could ever meet in your life.
While they can sometimes be protective and territorial, especially if not properly socialized and trained or when mishandled, English Mastiff is rarely hostile and aggressive.
Do English Mastiff Dogs Bite?
While English Mastiffs rarely bite, they are an inevitably powerful breed of dogs and can bite when fearful.
With their immense strength and strong jaws, English Mastiffs can quickly cause damage and injury with their mouth.
The bite force of an English Mastiff goes from 552 to 556 PSI. So, it is vital to handle these dogs with extreme care.
Are English Mastiff Dogs Protective?
English Mastiff is highly territorial and protective of its family and home.
They are guard dogs of the noble and their estate during the old times. Plus, they are fighters and hunters.
Because of this, when wary of strangers, English Mastiff will not hesitate to go the extra mile in guarding their loved ones.
Are English Mastiffs Affectionate?
English Mastiffs have an affectionate and endearing temperament.
They are a good-natured breed of dogs. They are excellent family pets that can be playful and sweet with children.
While they may exude an intimidating and scary look, English Mastiffs are softies at heart.
Are English Mastiffs Loyal?
English Mastiffs are highly dedicated and loyal to their family. They are instinctively protective and wary of strangers.
Once they sense a potential threat, they can quickly unleash their aggressive stance and become hostile.
Because of their devotion, English Mastiff is the ultimate choice for the family.
Do English Mastiffs Like to Cuddle?
English Mastiff is a clingy and friendly dog who would enjoy cuddling with their loved ones. They would like to take a nap near their favorite human.
On top of that, you can see them resting their heads on your lap while you sit together.
Does the English Mastiff Love Freedom?
While English Mastiffs enjoy relaxing and having time alone, they would not enjoy staying alone. They will be happy if they spend time with their precious loved ones.
Since English Mastiffs love to be with their family, they may develop signs of aggression or separation anxiety if left alone.
In general, you can only let your English Mastiff alone for not more than four hours.
Are English Mastiff Dogs Easy to Train?
English Mastiffs respond well to training. They are quick-witted and sharp.
However, you may find them unmotivated and strong-willed when learning and following rules. Plus, repetitions bore them.
To overcome this, experts recommend that it’s better for English Mastiff only to have shorter training sessions to maintain their attention.
In addition, English Mastiffs respond better using positive reinforcement or rewards-based training on top of hugs and compliments.
During their puppyhood stage, fur parents should teach these boo bears obedience and crate training so they will grow well-mannered and behave.
How Smart is the English Mastiff?
English Mastiffs are intelligent and witty. They are docile and consistently seek to please their favorite humans.
However, at times, they can be strong-willed and stubborn. Dog-savvy recommends that English Mastiffs undergo obedience and crate training to be good house dogs.
Since these canines can easily get hurt by abusive behavior and harsh words, owners should always combine quick snacks and bites with hugs and praises.
Can English Mastiff dogs be used as working dogs?
English Mastiff belongs to the category of working dogs acknowledged by the AKC. It’s an exceptional guard dog due to its ancient origins as a hunter and fighter.
Today, Mastiffs can handle military jobs and work in the police. Plus, they prove to be one of the best search and rescue dogs.
Do English Mastiffs Bark a Lot?
English Mastiffs do not bark a lot unless they have reasons. While they are excellent protectors, they do not bark like other dogs.
Usually, while this rarely happens, they bark when they feel danger, scared, bored, stressed, and crave attention. Overall, English Mastiffs are quiet dogs.
How does an English Mastiff bark?
English Mastiffs have a loud and deep voice when they are barking. Despite being occasional barkers, they have an intense voice.
Nonetheless, it is a rare event when you hear them howl and bark. All in all, English Mastiffs have a calm demeanor, and most of the time, they have little to no sound.
Do English Mastiffs Have High Energy Levels?
English Mastiffs possess a low to moderate energy level. They would not make an excellent jogging companion since they can quickly overheat.
However, while they can be lazy and let their day pass by lying on the couch, pet parents should ensure that they get their daily dose of exercise.
Are English Mastiffs Active?
English Mastiffs are not an overly active breed of dogs. You would find them satisfied and fulfilled living in an apartment.
Experts recommend that these giant canines have at least one hour of daily exercise, preferably split into two sessions.
Since they are large, English Mastiffs should not be over-exercised, and it’s best to keep their walk gently.
How Fast Can an English Mastiff Run?
While they have a formidable appearance, English Mastiffs are not excellent runners. They cannot run at a great distance because of their excessive weight.
However, a Mastiff named Quint once made a 100-yard dash in 23.67 seconds.
Are English Mastiffs Playful?
English Mastiffs have a cheerful and playful nature. They like the company of their family and are tolerant of kids.
However, while English Mastiff pups are adventurous, the adult ones tend to be laid back.
English Mastiffs like to spend time chilling and relaxing at home combined with a less rigorous and strenuous outdoor exercise.
Does the English Mastiff Drool a Lot?
English Mastiff drools and salivates a lot. Their drooling can happen when these teddy bears are waiting for their dinner or when they are thirsty.
On top of that, you can see them drooling during summer or when they are excited and thrilled.
For this reason, experts advised pet owners to always take hand towels or wipes with them.
What Does the Family Life of English Mastiff Dogs Like?
English Mastiffs have a happy and fulfilling family life. They are adorable and warm-hearted.
Since they live a sedentary lifestyle, they are delighted couch potatoes who share a bond and cuddle with their loved ones. On top of that, English Mastiffs adore kids.
English Mastiffs can coexist through proper teaching and socialization and get along with other house pets such as cats and dogs.
Plus, they are noble and dignified and would protect their family members. Pet parents can efficiently train them since they are submissive despite their immense size.
How Much Do English Mastiffs Cost?
An English Mastiff puppy can cost anywhere from $1000 to $3000, and adult dogs typically sell for $500 to $1000.
In addition, owners must be prepared to pay for regular vet checkups, vaccinations, and plenty of food.
Given their high price tag, English Mastiffs are not the right breed for everyone. But for those who are willing to invest the time and money, they make amazing companions.
What Kind of Food Should English Mastiffs Eat?
Dog-savvy individuals advised dog parents to feed English Mastiff pups with food made explicitly for giant breeds.
Experts recommend feeding these massive canines 6 to 8 cups of high-quality dry dog food daily as they grow into adulthood.
Owners should split these amounts of food into two meals every day to avoid the risk of stomach torsion or bloating.
What are the Best Dog Foods for English Mastiffs?
Giant-sized dog breeds require different needs than smaller dog breeds. They should have a healthy and wholesome food diet with meat-based protein.
English Mastiff puppies need more protein since they show rapid growth of bones and muscles.
To keep your English Mastiff puppies well-rounded and blissful, we made a list of dog food with high-quality and top-notch ingredients perfect for large dog breeds.
- Taste of the Wild High Prairie Puppy Formula
- Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula Large Breed Puppy
- Diamond Naturals Large Breed Puppy Formula Dry Dog Food
Adult English Mastiffs may do well with food that has a good amount of glucosamine and chondroitin to help them with their joints.
For your adult dog, we recommend the following:
Read more: 13 best dog food brands for English Mastiffs
What Other Dog Breeds Look Like the English Mastiff?
English Mastiff is fun to be with. They are loyal and gentle. However, having an English Mastiff comes with disadvantages.
This dog is slobbery. Plus, he is susceptible to major health concerns like cancer as they mature and treatments are expensive.
If you are fond of giant pups, you may want to consider these similar breeds:
The Moment of Truth: Is the English Mastiff the Perfect Pair?
English Mastiffs are surprisingly sweet and calm. While they can be intimidating and powerful, they are devoted best friends and excellent family pets.
Their love and devotion are priceless and incomparable.
Even though they are giant canines, English Mastiff enjoys snuggles and would rest its head on your lap.
They are happy couch potatoes who prefer to be indoors in the presence of their favorite human.
English Mastiffs are good-natured and affectionate, ready to shower their owners with warm hugs and kisses.
While English Mastiffs have a scary look, they are not dangerous. They can be terrific guard dogs and submissive to their owners if taught well.
Because of their wit and brilliance, they are adaptable and will only signal or alert if necessary.
Do you have an English Mastiff? What do you love most about them? Let us know in the comments.