Can Dogs Eat Raisins? Raisin Toxicosis in Dogs

No, dogs should never eat raisins. Just like grapes, raisins are highly toxic to dogs since they’re just dehydrated grapes.

Raisin toxicity in dogs can cause serious kidney damage that can lead to acute kidney failure, which can be fatal.

Raisins in a bowl
A bowl of raisins

However, research has not been able to identify what substances cause this reaction.

There isn’t a safe amount of raisins that your dog can consume, so you should avoid giving him raisins at all.

If your pet has eaten raisins, it’s best to contact your vet immediately or take your dog to the hospital as soon as possible.

Keep reading to learn more about raisin toxicity in canines and what you should do if your pet accidentally eats these treats.

Why are Raisins Poisonous to Dogs?

Raisins, currants, grapes, and grape juice can poison your dog.

While raisins have many benefits for humans, including containing vitamins and minerals and holding antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, they don’t offer your pet the same benefits.

After your dog consumes raisins, he can develop acute symptoms within 24 hours, while severe signs of kidney failure, which can be fatal, are noticeable within 24 to 72 hours. 

What chemicals in raisins are toxic for dogs?

Scientists aren’t sure exactly what chemicals in raisins are toxic to dogs, so you should avoid feeding your dog any part of a raisin, be it the flesh or skin.

This also includes any products made from raisins.

What are the facts about raisins and dogs?

Even though a lot of research has been done on finding the link between toxicity and raisins in dogs, there are still no clear answers.

Scientists have, however, ruled out some theories, such as the below. 

  1. Fungus and Molds: While fungus and mold can cause poisoning in walnuts and pistachios, there is no correlation between grapes or raisins grown in various places and any particular fungus or mold. 
  2. Seeds: Grapes, and thus raisins that don’t contain seeds, are just as toxic for your pet. 
  3. Allergies: The results are the same across all dogs of any size, age, and breed. While allergies occur with dogs, raisins cause a reaction that can’t just be attributed to allergies.
  4. Pesticides: Like molds, raisins from different farming areas have been studied, and the same results. It doesn’t matter if the raisins were grown organically; they are still toxic to dogs, so pesticides are not to blame. 
  5. Salicylate: Grapes contain an aspirin-like compound known as salicylate. However, it has been discovered that it’s not this compound that causes such an adverse reaction in dogs.

How many dogs have died from eating raisins?

While it’s impossible to indicate how many dogs have died from eating raisins worldwide, studies have shown that it has disastrous consequences for pets. 

For example, a study performed by the Animal Poison Control Center (APCC) in 1999 gave 28 dogs raisins, 13 dogs grapes, and two dogs both.

Of the 43 dogs that ate grapes or raisins, 23 survived, 15 needed to be euthanized, and five died. 

What Types of Raisins are Toxic for Dogs?

Different types of raisins
Four different types of raisins

Unfortunately, raisins in any form are not safe for your dog to consume. All types of grapes, currants, raisins, and even grape juice should be avoided for dogs.

1. Dried Raisins

Raisins are just dried grapes, so they should also be avoided.

You also need to avoid giving your dog any food products with raisins baked into them, just as pumpkin cakes or banana bread, as just one raisin can have devastating consequences for your pet. 

2. Cooked Raisins (Raisins Bread)

Cooked raisins should not be given to your dog. While raisin bread can lead to toxicity, it also has lots of added sugar which is not good for your dog in any case.

As mentioned, all raisin products can be toxic to your dog. Also, raisin bread contains sugars, sweeteners, and preservatives, which can be dangerous for your dog.

What are the Risks of Raisin Consumption for Dogs?

A sick Pug
Freddy, a Pug, faces the risks of eating raisins – Image source

The main risk of raisin consumption for dogs is Raisin Toxicosis which is a form of poisoning.

While the specific substance that is toxic to dogs is still unknown, one thing for sure is that dogs will be at risk of developing kidney failure which can be fatal to them.

If you suspect your pet has ingested raisins or grapes, it’s important to seek veterinary care immediately, as early treatment can improve the chances of a full recovery.

Can raisins cause kidney failure in dogs?

As discussed, acute kidney failure is the main risk of feeding your dog raisins, and this can occur within 24 to 72 hours of feeding your pet raisins.

An increase in urination or a decrease in urine production could signal that your dog’s kidneys are not functioning optimally. 

Can a dog die from a single raisin?

Yes, ingesting a single raisin can lead to acute kidney failure, which can be fatal to dogs if not given immediate treatment.

As mentioned, symptoms typically present within 72 hours of ingestion, so be sure to get in touch with your vet as soon as possible if you know or suspect that he may have eaten a raisin.

How Many Raisins Can Be Fatal to Dogs?

As mentioned, there are no safe amount of raisins that your dog can eat. Any dog’s age, breed, or gender is considered at risk of kidney failure after consuming raisins.

Some dogs are also highly sensitive to raisins, so feeding them even a small amount of this fruit can be toxic. It’s best to avoid giving raisins to your pet at all.

How many raisins can be toxic to your small or large dog?

No matter the size of your dog, it’s best to make sure that there’s no way your pet can ever get hold of grapes or raisins in any form. 

While there’s no specific toxic dose of raisins for dogs, it’s best to keep in mind that canines that consume large amounts of raisins are more likely to get poisoned.

Some dogs are also highly sensitive to this fruit and could experience toxicity even eating just a single raisin.

Raisin consumption should be handled as a serious and urgent matter by all pet owners. Failure to do so can quickly lead to kidney failure and even be fatal. 

What are the Symptoms of Raisin Poisoning in Dogs?

A sick dog showing symptoms of food poisoning
A Jack Russell Terrier recovering from raisin poisoning – Image source

If your dog managed to swipe some raisins while you were not looking, you need to be on the lookout for these common symptoms of raisin poisoning.

  • An upset stomach resulting in vomiting or diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weakness and lethargy
  • Dehydration includes panting and a dry nose and mouth
  • Pale gums
  • An increase in thirst and urination
  • A decrease in urine production

How Soon After Eating Raisins Can a Dog Get Sick?

Some symptoms of raisin poisoning can present within two hours of ingestion. This is typical with gastrointestinal symptoms like vomiting and diarrhea.

After eating raisins, your dog may experience abdominal pain within 12 to 24 hours. This is typically followed by a loss of appetite, weakness, and lethargy 24 to 48 hours after ingestion.

Dogs that then go into renal failure typically show symptoms 24 to 72 hours after eating raisins, with the most obvious signs being a decrease in urine production and an increased thirst.

What To Do If Your Dog Ate Raisins?

A sick dog sitting on its bed
Rylee, a sick doggo, won’t eat raisins anymore – Image source

If your dog has eaten raisins or grapes, it’s important to seek veterinary care immediately, as this is a medical emergency.

The first thing you should do is take your pet to the nearest veterinary facility or call the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435.

Don’t induce vomiting unless specifically directed to do so by a veterinarian.

If your dog is showing any clinical signs, such as vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, or not urinating, bring them to the vet immediately. 

Treatment will be based on the severity of the toxicity and may include hospitalization for intensive care and monitoring.

With prompt treatment, most dogs recover fully from raisin or grape toxicity.

What are the treatments for raisin poisoning in dogs?

Do not try to treat raisin poisoning yourself.

Instead, be sure to get in touch with your vet, who can advise you on blocking the absorption of toxins and minimize the damage to your pet’s kidneys as much as possible.

Your dog needs to be treated immediately to ensure the best possible recovery.

Methods of treatment are listed below.

  • Some vets will coach you on how to induce vomiting in your dog. This procedure helps remove raisins from the stomach before they’re absorbed into the bloodstream. This can be done even up to 6 hours after your pet has ingested the fruit.
  • Your vet may also give your dog activated charcoal, as this method also helps prevent further absorption.
  • For optimal hydration and to halt kidney failure, your vet may also administer intravenous fluids to your dog. This may require monitoring in the hospital for up to two days.
  • Dialysis may be necessary in extreme cases where your dog ceases to produce urine.

What Can Vets Do for Raisin Poisoning?

A Parson Russell Terrier with veterinarians
A dog who suffers from raisin poisoning

All of the above treatments will help limit absorption of the raisin and prevent kidney damage from occurring.

If your dog has entered into acute kidney failure, the prognosis can be alarming, but many dogs have recovered fully after eating raisins.

The important thing is for your dog to receive medical care as soon as possible. 

How do you induce vomiting in dogs after eating raisins?

Your vet will be able to talk you through the best way to induce vomiting in your dog.

Some methods of inducing vomiting won’t work or can even make things worse, so it’s best to do this under the guidance of a trained professional. 

Some old methods for inducing vomiting are not recommended by vets, just as sticking your finger down a dog’s throat or making your pet consume mustard, salt, or syrup of ipecac. 

Most vets will likely recommend giving hydrogen peroxide to your dog at an amount of approximately 0.5-1 ml per pound of body weight.

As mentioned, however, this should only be done under the guidance of your vet.

What is the Pet Poison Helpline for raisin poisoning?

If you know or suspect your dog may have eaten a raisin, you should immediately call your vet or the Pet Poison Helpline.

The ASPCA Poison Control can be reached at 888-426-4435. 

You can also contact the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

There is a $65 consultation fee for calling the center; however, this may be covered if you have an ASPCA Pet Health Insurance plan.

Can Dogs Survive If They Eat Raisins?

A mixed breed dog smiling
Samu, a mixed breed dog, got through raisin poisoning – Image source

Yes, dogs can survive if they eat raisins if they’re not highly sensitive to raisins and provided they are given treatment immediately.

Don’t waste time if your dog experiences any symptoms before contacting your veterinarian or ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, as it may then already be too late. 

The sooner your dog can get treatment, the more likelihood of a positive outcome. Fatalities usually occur when pet owners fail to get adequate and timeous veterinary treatment.

How Long Does It Take for a Dog to Get Over Raisin Poisoning?

The recovery of dogs depends on many factors including their condition when arriving and the success of decontamination.

If the dog’s kidneys remain intact, he is urinating and the supportive care is given right away, then your pet can recover in a short period of time.

However, if the symptoms are more severe, it can take significantly longer for your pet to fully recover from raisin toxicity. 

How to Prevent Raisin Toxicity in Dogs?

The best way to prevent raisin toxicity is don’t use raisins as treats for your dog. Ensure your pet does not consume raisin bread or any food that contains raisins.

It’s also best to keep raisins out of reach of your pets, either by storing them in a cupboard or putting them in a sealed container. 

Make sure also that family members and friends visiting your house are aware of the risk of giving raisins or raisin products to dogs. 

Are There Any Benefits of Raisins for Dogs?

There are no benefits of raisins for dogs, and the risk of raisin poisoning far outweighs any potential benefits that raisins could offer as they do for humans and thus should never be fed to your pet.

Is there any nutritional value in raisins for dogs?

Even if raisins weren’t poisonous for dogs, they contain quite a lot of natural sugar, and that alone could make your dog sick.

If you want to feed your dog some delicious sweet fruits, you’d be much better off with some apples, pears, or bananas.

What Other Toxins Should My Dog Avoid?

Shelled and unshelled macadamia nuts
Macadamia nuts

It’s important to be aware of what foods dogs cannot eat. Just like us, they enjoy a good treat every now and then – but some of the ingredients we love can be toxic to dogs.

Here are some toxic ingredients you should avoid adding to your pet’s diet.

  1. Black Walnuts: Black walnut trees contain an allopathic toxin known as Juglone, and this toxin can leach into the ground and cause problems for dogs, specifically to their paws. These black walnuts infected with mold can also cause serious health issues for your dog’s digestive system.
  2. Bitter Almonds: Bitter almonds are sweet almonds sometimes used to make almond extract and almond liqueurs. These almonds can be lethal in their raw state, whether consumed by humans or dogs. They contain prussic acid or hydrocyanic acid, which is the organic version of cyanide.
  3. Garlic and onions: Dogs cannot consume onions and garlic. All types of garlic and garlic products should be avoided for dogs due to their toxic substances. 
  4. Salt: Dogs are attracted to the taste of salt, which can lead them to consume too much if it is available. Ingesting large amounts can cause dehydration, vomiting, and diarrhea. In severe cases, it can lead to kidney damage, convulsions, and cardiovascular problems.
  5. Chili: Chili peppers contain a substance called Capsaicin, which can cause stomach upset in dogs and may even lead to vomiting and diarrhea. In addition, it can irritate a dog’s skin and eyes.
  6. Chocolate: Dogs should not eat chocolate. Chocolate contains chemicals that belong to a group known as methylxanthines. These chemicals are so dangerous for dogs because canines process them very slowly, meaning it can take between 10 and 17 hours for their bodies to eliminate just half of these chemicals. 

What are Safe Alternatives to Raisins for Dogs?

A Beagle eating a banana
A Beagle who prefers bananas over raisins – Image source

If you’re looking for safe and healthy alternative treats to raisins, there are plenty of options available.

Banana, cashews, peanuts, and chestnuts are all safe for dogs to eat and offer a similar sweetness to raisins. 

Whichever raisin alternative you choose, make sure to supervise your pet while they enjoy their treat.

So, Can My Dog Eat Raisins?

Dogs should never be fed raisins, regardless of their size, breed, age, or gender.

While research has yet to specify what specific toxic substance in this fruit, dogs can be considered at high risk of developing kidney failure after consuming raisins.

Even a small amount of it could be fatal to dogs, especially if they’re highly sensitive to raisins. 

It’s recommended to keep raisins away from your pet’s reach. Ensure that all the family members are aware of the risk of giving raisins or any food containing raisins.

If your pet has eaten raisins, it’s best to call your vet immediately or take your dog to the nearest hospital as soon as possible.

Has your pooch been begging for raisins? Kindly share your experience and how you store this fruit with us in the comments below.

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