United Kennel Club

Please send comments, questions, and especially corrections to me. Copyright (c) 1995 by Cindy Moore.

Disclaimer: This is not a UKC sanctioned document. It is not meant to be definitive, exhaustive, nor authoritative. This information is provided by me as a convenient resource only. It is not to be considered official. You should contact the UKC directly for official information from them: UKC United Kennel Club 100 East Kilgore Rd., Kalamazoo, MI 49001-5598; (616) 343-9020.

New! Website at http://www.ukcdogs.com/. The HRC page is at http://www.hrc-ukc.com/.

Another source of UKC info on the net (also unofficial) is kept by Pat Kalbaugh, pkalbaug@ptialaska.net, at: http://www.ptialaska.net/~pkalbaug/ukcindex.html. Anot

Thanks to: Chris Barnes, Gail E. Brookhart, Terri Hardwick, S. Mudgett, Dianne Schoenberg, Kathy Vineyard, marvinw, and Pamela & the happy pack.

Author

Cindy Moore, Copyright 1995.

Table of Contents


History and Overview

The United Kennel Club was formed in 1898 by Chanucy Bennet for the sole purpose of registering "Pit Bull Terriers" as the American Kennel Club would not. After the APBT, a few different hunting breeds, most notably many of the coonhounds, were recognized.

Today, the United Kennel Club provides an alternative to the more widely known American Kennel Club in the United States and performs many of the same functions: registry, shows, and stud books. The UKC has grown rapidly in the last few years and is worth looking at. If your dog is registered with another registry (AKC, CKC, etc), it is easy to register your dog with the UKC as well. UKC recognizes 166 breeds, including some that the AKC does not. UKC offers breed, obedience, agility and hunting trials. Because of their initial start with game and hunting breeds, they are primarily performance oriented, although they have shown signs of changing this in recent years (for example, with the advent of all breed conformation shows in 1995).

The UKC is willing to explore the addition of more sports and events and is in need of parent breed clubs for the work of adding to the conformation shows held by UKC.

There are no professional handlers allowed in UKC conformation or obedience events. Certified Handlers are allowed by either in person permission of the registered owner or by written permission of the registered owner.

It is very easy to start a club and to get approval for putting on UKC sanctioned events. At shows, there are no Premium Lists, no catalogs, no worry about timing - for example the obedience trials are always at one ring and the order is always Utility B, Utility A, Open B, Open A, Novice B, Novice A, non-regular classes (Grad Novice or Pre-Novice [veterans?]). There is usually a price break for preregistering for a show. The pre-registered dogs are judged first.


Information

In general, you can contact the UKC at

100 East Kilgore Road

Kalamazoo MI 49001
Phone:

The UKC also publishes a number of informational magazines on its activities and upcoming events. These include:

Dog World magazine also publishes the UKC show schedules although not as far in advance.

Registration

The UKC has many types of registration: one for dogs whose ancestors are also registered with the UKC, one for dogs who "crossed in" from another registery, and one for neutered dogs of unknown or mixed parentage.

Single registration

To register your dog with the UKC, write to them for the application form. It will ask you to list a five generation pedigree for your dog, as well as the owner of the sire and the owner of the dam (at the time of the breeding). It will also ask you a few short questions about whether the dog meets the standard, is show quality, whether you intend to hunt, work, or show in breed with your dog. If your dog has a disqualifying fault for its breed (presumably under UKC rules) it must be neutered.

Such dogs and some of their offspring are ineligible for the Purple Ribbon pedigree (see below).

Limited Privilege

Finally, you can get an LP (limited privilege), the equivalent of AKC's ILP, for any dog, including mixed breed dogs (in an agreement worked out between UKC and AMBOR in February of 1994). Dogs registered via the LP process must be neutered and they are eligible for all but conformation events held by the UKC.

AMBOR may be contacted through:
President: Linda Readman, PO Box 7841, Rockford, IL 61126; amborlcr@aol.com
Membership Coordinator: Michele Sanders, RD 3 PO Box 297, Hanover, PA, 17331; michelemut@aol.com.

Process

Whichever type of registration you use, the process is relatively quick. Fill out the application and send it in: in just a few weeks, you will receive a wallet-sized ID card with your dog's registration information that will allow you to enter UKC trials the same day, provided that entries haven't been filled yet. The requirement of sending in pictures with the application has been dropped.

Pedigrees

UKC offers a Purple Ribbon 'PR' Bred Pedigree for dogs with at least six generations of known ancestors and all 14 ancestors in the last 3 generations registered with the UKC. All other dogs registered get a yellow certificate. The UKC marks pedigrees as "inbred" if the mating was between mother to son, father to daughter, or brother to sister.

In 1996, the UKC started a DNA registration program. Dogs that have been identified by DNA analysis are marked on papers; dogs whose parentage has been proven by DNA analysis are also marked on their papers and where appropriate, their pedigrees. They are the first Kennel Club in the United states to incorporate this information into their stud books.

There are 167 breeds recognized by UKC. Some notable exceptions to the AKC list: many coonhound breeds, American Pit Bull Terrier, Appenzeller, Ariegeois, Azawakh, Belgian Shepherd Dog (includes Groenendael, Laekenois, Malinois, Tervuren as in the European manner), Border Collie, Boykin Spaniel, Chinook, Entelbucher, German Pinscher, Glen of Imaal Terrier, Havanese, Jagdterrier, Leonberger, Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever, Polish Owczarek Nizinny, Toy Fox Terrier, and Xoloitzuintlis


Conformation

Two conformation titles are awarded: UKC Show Champion and Grand Show Champion. A UKC Champion meets three criteria: has a minimum of 100 UKC championship points; has aquired championship points under three different judges, has won either a Best Male or Best Female of Show. At least two of the shows, under stwo different judges, must have had competition (eg the winning dog defeats other dogs rather than winning by default). A Grand Champion wins that title by winning against all other champions of the breed in at least five shows under at least three different judges.

Dogs are weighed and measured for height at every show to determine if the dog fits within the requirements of the standard. Dogs need only be measured once when the same club is offering more than one event in a weekend

Grooming is not allowed in the ring and includes grooming tools, spray bottles and wiping cloths.

Owners or handlers may not use any means of attracting the dog's attention such as food, keys, or squeakers. You may speak or snap your fingers to your own dog. If you bait in the ring you are excused.

The classes are:

  1. Puppy Class - for males/females 6 months to under 1 year of age.
  2. Junior Class - for males/females 1 year to under 2 years of age.
  3. Senior Class - for males/females 2 years to under 3 years of age.
  4. Veteran Class - for males/females 3 years of age and over.
  5. Best Male Class - first place winners of puppy, junior, senior and veteran classes.
  6. Best Female Class - as for males
  7. Best of Winners - Composed of the Best Male of Show and Best Female of Show classes.
Ribbons are awarded for placement in conformation and obedience events and are: blue for first, red for second, green for third and yellow for fourth.

Dogs shown in variety classes: American Eskimo, Belgian Shepherd Dog, Collie, Dachshund, Fox Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier, Manchester Terrier.

Breeds with Height Disqualifications: Akita, Australian Cattle Dog, Basset Hound, Beagle, Belgian Shepherd Dog, Briard, Brittany Spaniel, Canaan Dog, Cocker Spaniel, Golden Retriever, Great Dane, Havanese, Irish Wolfhound, Kerry Blue Terrier, Kuvasz, Miniature Pinscher, Miniature Schnauzer, Papillon, Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen, Puli, Shetland Sheepdog, Shiba, Siberian Husky, Standard Schnauzer, Vizsla, Weimaraner, Whippet.

Dogs with Weight Disqualifications: Boston Terrier, Chihuahua, French Bulldog, Havanese, Irish Wolfhound, Manchester Terrier, Pekingese, Toy Fox Terrier.


Obedience

Three obedience titles are awarded that are similar to the AKC titles: U-CD, U-CDX, and U-UD.

In 1996, a fourth, competitive, title was recently added: the U-OCH.

In UKC the jump is the dog's height at the withers to a maximum of 24" (lower than the AKC's maximums). They also allow warmups on the grounds (including jumping), and some clubs will set up a ring specifically for warming your dog up.

Brown ribbons may be awarded for qualifying scores in obedience events.

Jump heights: minimum 8 inches to a maximum 24 inches. The height is set at even 2 inch increments. A dog 17 1/2 inches jumps 16 inch high. A dog must jump twice its shoulder height for the Broad Jump in one inch increments.

Novice U-CD

    Honor (Long Down in opposite ring 
      corner while other dog doing
      Heel on Leash)                    35 pts
    Heel on Leash and Figure 8          35
    Stand for Exam                      30
    Heel off Leash                      35
    Recall over Jump                    35
    Long Sit (1 min)                    30
                                       ----
                                       200

Open U-CDX

    Honoring (out of sight)             30 pts
    Heel Off Leash and Figure 8         40
    Drop on Recall                      30
    Retrieve on Flat                    20
    Retrieve over High Jump             30
    Broad Jump                          20
    Long Sit (3 min out of sight)       30
                                       ----
                                       200
On the Heel Off Leash the steward walks the same pattern as the handler/dog team. Also after the dog drops on the Drop on Recall the steward walks from the handler's side past the dog to the other side of the ring.

Utility U-UD

    Signaling and Heeling               30
    Scent Discrimination (metal)        30
    Directed 'Marked' Retrieve
        (from handlers side)            30
    Directed 'Signal' Retrieve
        (sent from handler, then
         directed)                      30
    Consecutive Recalls
        (one with and one without 
          Down)                         40
    Directed Jumping                    40
                                       ----
                                       200

Obedience Champion

In order to obtain this title, the dog must have a U-UD. It must qualify in BOTH Utility B and Open B classes at the same trial, with a combined score of 370 or better; at five trials. Finally, it must get 100 championship points by earning qualifying scores in either Open B, Utility B, or both (qualifying in both at the same trial is not necessary for championship points). A minimum of 30 championship points must be earned in Open B; and a minimum of 20 points in Utility B. Points are based on the score: 1 point for 170-174.5 up to 8 points for a 199-200.

Agility

Effective July 1, 1995 UKC holds all rights to NCDA agility. All NCDA clubs had to apply to become UKC licensed clubs in order to continue holding agility trials. Dogs registered with UKC prior to July 1, 1995 had their points/titles transfered to UKC.

UKC Hunting Retriever Tests

The Hunting Test program for retrievers is actually sponsored by a subsidiary organization of the UKC called the HRC (Hunting Retriever Club). Their motto is very much indicative of their philosophy: "Conceived by Hunters, for Hunters".

Like AKC hunting tests, there are 3 tests designed for different levels of ability of the dog. The dogs are judged against a standard for that level of test (ie. not against each other). The 3 levels of tests are called Started, Seasoned, and Finished, and are basically equivalent to the AKC levels of Junior, Senior, and Master. While not always true, it is generally agreed by people that run both AKC and HRC tests, that a HRC test is slightly easier than it's AKC counterpart.

Unlike AKC tests, titles are awarded based on the total number of points a dog has accumulated. Three titles are possible (they are "name prefix" titles - ie. the title goes before the name of the dog on the pedigree). They are: HR (Hunting Retriever), HRCH (Hunting Retriever Champion), and GRHRCH (Grand Hunting Retriever Champion).

The point requirements for each title are: HR - 40 points, HRCH - 100 points, GRHRCH 300 points (more on this in a moment). Points for each stake are broken down as follows: Started - 5 points (max of 10 may be earned at this level), Seasoned - 10 points (max of 40 may be earned at this level), Finished - 15 points (no maximum). There is one additional test level equivalent to the the AKC's National Master. It is called the "Grand" -- a series of tests over 4-5 days which include quartering. To qualify for entering, the dog must earn 100 points. A dog earns points for each Grand pass; for a dog to earn its GRHRCH a dog must have at least two Grand passes.

There are no restrictions as to breeds that may enter an HRC test (as long as it's UKC registered). The HRC program aims to simulate, as realistically as possible, actual hunting conditions.

The HRC tests pay perhaps more attention to gun safety than other hunt tests. At the Started level, the handler has the OPTION of handling a gun. Usually a Started handler does NOT handle a gun, as their dog is not required to be steady and the handler cannot both handle a gun and have their dog on lead at the line. Thus gun line. The judges strongly discourage Started handlers from handling a gun, unless the handler is certain the dog will be steady. If a gun is handled at the Started level, the judges will evaluate the handler on gun safety, and hence, can fail the dog/handler team for poor gun safety. At higher levels, steadiness and good gun handling practices are required.

The requirements for each stake are as follows:

Started

The dog must perform 2 single marks on land, and 2 single marks on water. Usually, the distances are almost always under 75 yards over fairly light terrain.

Seasoned

The dog must perform 1 double mark on land, 1 double mark on water, a blind retrieve on land, and a blind retrieve on water. There is one diversion. (an honor is not done at this level as in an AKC's Senior test). Typically, the distances are between 50 and 100 yards over moderately tough terrain.

Finished

The dog must perform 1 multiple mark on land (usually a triple), 1 multiple mark on water (also usually a triple), a blind retrieve on land, a blind retrieve on water, and (not always done), properly quarter a field (as if pheasant hunting). In addition, the dog must perform and honor and a diversion. The distances range between 50 and 150 yards over tough terrain (gut sucking mud, high weeds, etc.)

Grand

Same type test as a Finished, but over even harder conditions and usually done in multiple steps over several days. This is open to all HRC Champions; two Grand passes and 300 points are required for the Grand Hunting Retriever Champion title.

Coonhounds and Beagles

Coonhounds are treated differently than most other breeds in the UKC because the UKC (and the AKC for that matter) took over previously existing Coonhound programs. You'll find Coonhounds are also treated differently by the AKC--little known factoid, but there is a part of the AKC that is a Coonhound organization.

UKC-recognized coonhounds include: American Black and Tan Coonhound, Bluetick Coonhound, English Coonhound, Plott Hound, Redbone Coonhound, and the Treeing Walker Coonhound.

For all show titles there must be at least one win over competition (unlike AKC, UKC will award points in some cases where there is no competition).

Conformation

For coonhounds there is no veteran class (2 yrs and up are all shown as seniors) there is no best of winners but there is a best male of show (judged best of all the best of breed males) and best female of show (best of best of breed females.). All champion males of all coonhound breeds compete for champion of champion males (win counts towards grand champion), then the same is done for females. Finally all grand champions compete (split by sex) for the grand champion prizes.

Beagles offer bench classes, BUT the dog either has to have run in the trial the same day or PLACED in a hunt.

Field

For a coonhound grand champion, five wins under at least 3 judges are needed. Best of Show, 100 points and three wins (1 under competition, 2 different judges, any level competition) and Champion of Champions, 5 wins (1 win under competition, 2 different judges) earn Grand Show Champion Degree.

Titles for coonhounds only:

  1. Night Champion and Grand Night Champion (night hunts)
  2. Water Race Champion and Grand Water Race Champion
  3. Field Trial Champion and Grand Field Trial Champion
  4. Bench Show Champion and Grand Show Champion
There is a magazine called Coonhound Bloodlines put out by UKC that is similar to Bloodlines but exclusively for Coonhound breeds and Beagles.

Beagle Trials

These are very similar to Coonhounds, and are included in the Coonhound magazine. Basically the only difference is that Beagles are always during the day, and the hunt ends differently (rabbit in hole rather than in tree!).
United Kennel Club FAQ
Cindy Moore, rpd-info@netcom.com
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