Last Updated on April 21, 2023
Pomeranians are very distinctive dogs. One of the ancient dog breeds, the highly adaptable Pomeranian, belongs to the Spitz breed of dogs.
They are characterized by their pointed ears, fluffy coats, and voluminous tails that curl over their backs.
While the American Kennel Club recognizes only one official type of Pomeranian, there are various unofficial sub-types of this breed, resulting in dogs of different sizes with varying facial characteristics.
These dogs have also been bred with other breeds to create an adorable variety of Pomeranian mixes.
If you are thinking about getting a Pomeranian or even a Pom-mix for your home, you have come to the right place.
In this article, we will unpack the different types of Pomeranians and Pom crossbreeds, looking at some of the pros and cons of each one to determine which is the perfect dog for you.
The Different Types of Poms Based on Size and Weight
Pomeranians are known as a toy breed of dog with three different sizes. These include the Miniature, Standard, and Throwback Pomeranians.
However, it must be noted that only the Standard Pomeranian is officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
1. Miniature Pomeranian
Miniature Pomeranians are also known as Pocket, Micro, Tea Cup, and Toy Pomeranians. As the name suggests, these dogs are smaller than the Standard Pomeranian.
They weigh only 1 to 4 pounds (0.4 and 1.8 kg) and stand less than 6 inches (15.2 cm) tall.
While very popular, Miniature Pomeranians can have numerous health issues, so you must look for a reputable breeder if you plan to get one of these dogs.
Check out this adorable video of a white Micro Tea Cup Pomeranian named Thumbelina:
2. Standard Pomeranian
Only the Standard Pomeranian is recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and most other major kennel clubs.
Male and female Standard Pomeranians stand between 8 and 14 inches (20.3 and 35.5 cm) tall and weigh between 3 and 7 pounds (1.3 and 3.1 kg).
3. Throwback Pomeranian
The Throwback Pomeranian is a larger dog than the Standard Pomeranian and is often a crossbreed. These dogs stand between 12 and 20 inches (30.4 and 50.8 cm) tall and weigh between 7 and 20 pounds (3.1 and 9 kg).
Quick Comparison Between the 3 Variations of Poms
|Type of Pomeranians||Height||Weight|
|Miniature Pomeranian||6 inches
|1 to 4 pounds
(0.4 and 1.8 kg)
|Standard Pomeranian||8 and 14 inches
(20.3 and 35.5 cm)
|3 and 7 pounds
(1.3 and 3.1 kg)
|Throwback Pomeranian||12 and 20 inches
(30.4 and 50.8 cm)
|7 and 20 pounds
(3.1 and 9 kg)
Other types of facial variations for Pomeranians
There are three types of facial variations for the Pomeranian that are widely accepted, although these are not explicitly written out in the breed standards.
1. Fox Face Pomeranian
According to the breed standard, the Fox Face Pomeranian is what a Pomeranian should look like.
They have long, pointed snouts and short, upright, pointed ears, giving them a fox-like appearance, although they do not have the characteristic small eyes of a fox.
These dogs have the large, round, expressive eyes that the Pomeranian breed is known for.
2. Teddy Bear Pomeranian
Although the Teddy Bear Pomeranian may not meet the strict breed standards for the Pomeranian, this is one of the most popular types of Poms.
As the name suggests, this dog’s face should look like a teddy bear, broader and fuller than the Fox Face Pomeranian.
They also have a shorter face and muzzle than the Baby Doll Pomeranian and the Fox Face Pomeranian.
3. Baby Doll Pomeranian
The Baby Doll Pomeranian has also gained in popularity in recent years. These dogs have round faces like a doll with very expressive eyes and a short muzzle. Their noses, mouths, and eyes look like baby dolls.
As with the Teddy Bear Pomeranian, these dogs may not pass the strict breed standards and thus may not be eligible for show.
What are Some Additional Pomeranian Crossbreeds?
Designer crossbreeds are all the rage in the doggy world, and these crossbreeds can have fewer health problems than their purebred counterparts due to hybrid vigor. Here are some of the most popular Pomeranian mixes.
1. Pomchi (Pomeranian x Chihuahua)
The Pomchi is a Pomeranian Chihuahua cross. These adorable tiny dogs have the loyalty of the Chihuahua breed with the loveable friendliness of the Pomeranian.
As pocket-sized pups, the Pomchi stands between 7 to 12 inches (17.7 to 30.4 cm) tall and shouldn’t weigh more than 12 pounds (5.4 kg).
2. Pomapoo (Pomeranian x Poodle)
The Poodle is a trendy dog for creating hybrids. The Pomapoo is a highly intelligent dog that makes a great apartment dog and is unlikely to bark as much as the purebred Pomeranian.
They can also be hypoallergenic, with the Pomapoo’s coat ranging from wavy to tightly curled depending on their genetics and how much of the Poodle gene they possess.
These dogs stand between 9 and 12 inches (22.8 and 30.4 cm) tall and weigh between 8 and 15 pounds (3.6 and 6.8 kg).
3. Bichonaranian (Pomeranian x Bichon Frise)
The Bichonaranian designer dog is a mix between a Bichon Frise and a Pomeranian. These adorable dogs have dense, fluffy coats and high energy levels. They will require plenty of exercise and attention.
They typically weigh around 7 to 15 pounds (3.1 and 6.8 kg) and stand between 10 and 12 inches (25.4 and 30.4 cm) tall.
What are the Different Pom Colors?
Pomeranians come in a wide variety of colors with patterns and markings. The most common colors for this breed include sable, red, orange, and gray. Patterns and markings include piebald, Patri, Irish, and tan points.
Also read: What does a White Pomeranian look like?
What is the rarest color of Pomeranian?
The rarest color Pomeranian is, without a doubt, the Black Pomeranian. For Pomeranian puppies to be born with black coats, both parent dogs must carry the gene for the black coat.
Due to their rarity, black Pomeranian puppies are incredibly expensive. They usually fetch between $800 and $2000 a puppy.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Do different types of Poms have different temperaments?
No, the different kinds of purebred Pomeranians should not have different temperaments. Pomeranians were bred to be the companions of the upper-class elite and are well known for their charming personalities.
They are very loving and loyal dogs to their family members.
Because they are descendants of the wolfish spitz dogs of the Arctic, they do have quite a lot of willpower, agility, and determination.
These are very social dogs that love to be the center of attention. While they are friendly dogs, they do tend to bark at strangers, alerting the household to the presence of anyone new.
This dog is often referred to as the little dog who thinks he can.
Are Poms easy to train?
Pomeranians are highly intelligent dogs and usually excel in obedience training, but they have a stubborn streak.
Although they are a playful breed, they also need socialization from an early age to get along with other dogs as they can be pretty territorial and protective of their owners.
They will also try to protect their Alpha dog status, which could lead to them becoming aggressive with other dogs if not properly socialized.
Which type of Pomeranian sheds the least?
Pomeranians have a dense double coat consisting of a thick fluffy undercoat and a longer overcoat. This coat is incredibly abundant on the chest and shoulders to form a thick ruff around the neck.
They also have a feathery fringe on their back legs. All purebred Pomeranians will have this coat that sheds, especially during the season’s changing.
Don’t miss out: Pomeranian Haircuts You Need to Show Your Groomer
Do they have different health issues?
Like any dogs, Pomeranians need regular vet visits. A few health issues are associated with the breed, which is usually due to overbreeding, particularly with the miniature varieties.
These health problems include luxating patellas, hypothyroidism collapsing tracheas, heart failure, seizures, and a skin condition called alopecia X which can cause hair loss.
Are they good for a first-timer owner?
Due to their friendly nature, small size, and high adaptability to living in various environments, the Pomeranian can be a good dog for a first-time owner.
You need to be sure that you are prepared to give this high-energy dog the exercise he needs and that you are okay with a dog that sheds and barks.
Which Type of Pomeranian is Right for You?
As you can see, the Standard Fox Face Pomeranian is the only type of Pomeranian officially recognized by kennel clubs. So if you plan to show or breed with your dog, then this is the type you need to get.
Due to this, this is also the most commonly found type of Pomeranian and the one most reputable breeders will offer you.
You can find some other reputable breeders selling Pomeranians of other sizes or face shapes, although these dogs won’t be able to be entered into dog shows and may even be crossbred.
If you don’t mix a Pomeranian mix, there are several super cute ones to choose from, including the Bichonaranian, Pomapoo, and Pomchi.
Do you have a Pomeranian or Pom-cross at home? We would love to hear all about your adorable furry friend in the comments below.
Janine is an experienced content writer and travel journalist based in Cape, Town, South Africa.
Raised by a bundle of botanists, researchers, and biologists, she is passionate about things related to the animal kingdom, including, our furry friends. However, as a terrible allergy sufferer, she is limited in her pet selection and so has grown up surrounded by curly-haired Poodles.